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Muhaddiseen E Kiraam Ne Zaheef Riwayaat Kiyun Bayaan Kiyen?

Hafiz Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah


Agar koi kahe ke Imam Ismail bin Ishaaq al-Qaazi ki kitaab: "Fazail as-Salat 'Alan Nabi ﷺ" mein bahut si za'eef riwayaat hain lehaza sawaal yeh hai ke muhaddiseen e kiraam ne kutub e sahihah ke ilaawah doosri kitaabon mein za'eef aur mardood riwayaat kiyun likkhi hain? tou iska jawaab yeh hai ke, Hafiz Ibne Hajar ne farmaaya:

بل أكثر المحدثين فى الأعصار الماضية من سنة مائتين و هلم جرًا إذا ساقوا الحديث بإسناده اعتقدوا أنهم برؤا من عهدته • والله أعلم

"Balke san do hijri se ley kar b'ad ke guzashtah zamano mein muhaddiseen jab sanad ke sath hadees bayaan kar detey tou yeh samhjtey thhey ke wo is ki masooliyat se bari ho chuke hain."

(Lisaan ul Mezaan: Jild 1 Page 75, Tarjamah Sulaimaan bin Ahmed bin Ayoob at-Tabrani, Doosra Nuskha Jild 3 Page 353, al-Lali Masnooat Lil Suyuti: Jild 1 Page 19, Doosra Nuskha Page 25, Tazkira tul Mauzoaat Lil Fatani: Page7)

Hafiz Ibne Taimiyah ne farmaaya:

"Lekin (Abu Nuyam al-Asbahaani ne) riwayaat bayaan kiyen jaisa ke un jaise muhaddiseen kisi khaas mauzoo' ke barey mein tamaam riwayaten bayaan kar detey thhey taake (logon ko) ilm ho jaaye, agarche un mein se b'az ke sath hujjat nahi pakdi jaati thi."

(Minhaj us Sunnah: Jild 4 Page 15)

Sakhawi ne kaha:

"Aksar muhaddiseen khusoosan Tabrani, Abu Nuyam aur Ibne Mandah jab sanad ke sath hadees bayaan kartey tou wo yeh aqeedah yane samhjtey thhey ke wo is ki masooliyat se bari ho chuke hain."

(Fath ul Mughees Bi Sharah al-Fiyyatul Hadees: Jild 1 Page 254, al-Mauzoo')

In tehqiqaat se maloom huwa sahihain ke ilaawah kutub e hadees maslan al-Adab ul Mufrad Lil Bukhari aur Musnad Ahmed wagerahuma mein za'eef hadeesen bhi hain, jinhen sanad ke sath riwayat kar ke muhaddiseen e kiraam bari uz zimmah ho chuke hain, yeh riwayaat inhon ne bataur e hujjat aur istedlaal nahi balke bataur e ma'rifat o riwayat bayaan kar di thi lehaza usool e hadees aur asma wa rijaal ko mad e nazar rakhne ke baghair sahihain ke ilaawah digar kutub e hadees ki riwayaat se istedlaal ya hujjat pakadna aur inhen bataur e jazm bayaan karna jayiz nahi hai.


Tehreer: Hafiz Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah

Romanised: Syed Ibraheem Salafi

[Mahnama Al-Hadees, Shumara no.68, Safa no.50 (pehla ya aakhiri androoni safa)]

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