Mashoor Sahabi Sayyiduna Abu Abdur Rahman Safinah Razi Allahu Anhu, Maula Rasoolullah ﷺ se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah ﷺ ne farmaaya:

خلافة النبوة ثلاثون سنة، ثم يؤتى الله الملك أو ملكه من يشاء​

"Khilafat e Nabuwat tees saal (30 years) rahegi, phir Allah jise chahega apna mulk aata farmayega."

(Sunan Abi Dawood, Hadees 4642 Wa Sanadahu Hasan)

Is hadees ko Tirmizi ne Hasan (2226) Ibne Hibbaan (al-Ihsaan: 6904/6943) aur Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal (as-Sunnah Lil Khalaal: 636) ne Sahih kaha hai) Neez Dekhiye Mahnamah al-Hadees: 8, Page: 11.

Is Hadees ke rawi Sayyiduna Safinah Razi Allahu Anhu ne apne shaagird ko khulafa e rashedeen ki ta'daad gin kar samjhayi:

"Abu Bakr Razi Allahu Anhu ke do saal, Umar Farooq Razi Allahu Anhu ke dus saal, Usmaan Razi Allahu Anhu ke baara saal, Aur Ali Murtuzaa Razi Allahu Anhu ke chey saal."

Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal Rahimahullah farmatey hai:

"Khilafat ke baray mein safinah ki (bayaan kardah) Hadees Sahih hai aur main Khulafa (rashedeen ki ta'daad) ke baray mein is hadees ka qayil hon."

(Jami' Bayaan al-Ilm Fazlah 2/225, al-Hadees: 8 Page: 12)

Sayyiduna 'Irbaaz Bin Saariyah Radhi Allahu Anhu se riwayat hai:

صلّى بنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات يوم، ثم أقبل علينا، فو عظنا مو عظةً بليغةً ذرفت منها العيون ووجلت منها القلوب، قال قائل؛ يا رسول الله اكأن هذه مو عظة مودع، فما ذاتعهد إلينا؟ فقال: أوصيكم يتقوى الله والسمع والطاعة وإن عبد حبشي، فإنه من يعش منكم يعدي فسيرى اختلافاً كثيراً، فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء المهديين الراشدين تمسكو ابها وعضوا عليها بالنو اجذ، وإياكم ومحدثات الأمور، فإن كل محدثة بدعة وكل بدعة ضلالة​

"Ek din Rasoolullah ﷺ ne humein namaz padhayi phir humari taraf rukh kar ke intehaayi fasih o baleegh w'az farmaya jis se (humare) dil dehal gaye aur aankhon se aanso jaari hogaye, kisi ne kaha: Ya Rasoolullah! goya yeh alwidaa' kehne waaley ka w'az hai, Aap humein kiya (hukm) irshaad farmatey hain? Aap ﷺ ne farmaya: Main tumhen Allah se darney ki wasiat karta hon aur agar habshi bhi tumhara ameer ban jaaye tou (us ka hukm) sunna aur itaa'at karna, kiyunke mere b'ad jo shaksh zinda raha wo bahut ikhtilaaf dekhega, pas meri sunnat aur mere khulafa e Rashedeen Mehdiyeen ki sunnat ko mazbooti se, daanton ke saath pakad leyna aur muhaddasaat se bachna kiyunke (deen mein) har muhaddas bid'at hai aur har bid'at gumrahi hai."

(Sunan Abi Dawood: 4607 Wa Isnadahu Sahih)

Ise Tirmizi (2676) Ibne Hibbaan (Mawarid: 102) Haakim (al-Mustadrak 1/95,96) aur Zehbi ne Sahih kaha hai.

Is Sahih Hadees mein jin Khulafa e Rashedeen ki sunnat ko mazbooti ke saath pakadney ka hukm diya gaya hai in se muraad Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddiq, Sayyiduna Umar al-Farooq, Sayyiduna Usmaan Zulnorain aur Sayyiduna Ali Murtuza Razi Allahu Anhum muraad hain.

In mein se pehle do Nabi ﷺ ke sasur aur doosre do damaad hain, pehle dono Khulafa e Rashedeen mein Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Razi Allahu Anhu Sabiq ul-Emaan aur afzal B'ad e Rasool ﷺ a'Lal Itlaaq hain, phir Umar Farooq Razii Allahu Anhu ka numbar hai, doosrey dono Khulafa e Rashedeen mein Sayyiduna Usmaan Razi Allahu Anhu Aap ﷺ ke do betiyon ke shauhar hain aur Sayyiduna Ali Razi Allahu Anhu Sayyidah Fatima Razi Allahu Anha ke shauhar hain.

Abul Hasan al-Asha'ari (died 324 hijri) farmatey hain:

وندين الله بأن الأئمة الأربعة خلفاء راشدون مهديون فضلاء لا يوازيهم فى الفضل غيرهم​

"Aur humara yeh mazhab hai ke Ayimma e Arba (Abu Bakr o Umar Usmaan o Ali) Khulafa e Rashedeen Mehdiyeen hain, yeh sab (doosron se) afzal they, doosra koi (ummati) fazilat mein in ke barabar nahi."

(al-Ibadah Fi Usool ad-Diyanah Safa 60 Fiqrah: 29)

Abu Jafar at-Tahawai (died 321 hijri) ki taraf mansoob kitaab Aqeedah at-Tahawiyah mein bhi inhi khulafa ko Khulafa e Rashedeen qaraar diya gaya hai. dekhiye Sharah Aqeedah at-Tahawiyah Tehqeeq Shaykh Albani (Page 533_548)

Har musalmaan par yeh farz hai ke wo in Khulafa e Rashedeen aur tamaam Sahaba E Kiraam Razi Allahu Anhum Ajma'een se muhabbat rakkhe.

Tanbeeh

Sahih Muslim ke b'az nuskhon mein "عن أبي ريحانة عن سفينة" ki sanad se bayaan kardah ek hadees ke b'ad likha huwa hai ke, us ne kaha: Aur Wo Boodha Hogaya Tha Aur Main Us Ki Hadees Par Itemaad Nahi Karta Tha."

(Darsi Nuskha Jild: 1 Page: 149 Hadees: 326, Sharah Ke Sath Sharah an-Nawawi Jild: 4 Page: 9 Wa Fath al-Mulhim Jild: 3 Page: 164)

Is qaul mein boodhey se kaun muraad hai? is ki tashreeh mein Allamah Nawawi wagera farmatey hain: "Wo Safinah Hai". (Sharah Sahih Muslim Lil Nawawi 4/9)

Jabke Hafiz Ibne Hajar ke tarz e aamal aur Ibne Khalfoon ke qaul se yehi saabit hota hai ke "Wo Abu Rihanah (Abdullah Bin Matar) Hai." Dekhiye Tehzeeb ut-Tehzeeb (Jild: 6 Page: 34,35) aur yehi baat rajeh hai, yane Ismaeel Bin Ibrahim (urf Ibne 'Ulaiyah) ke nazdeek Abu Rihanah Abdullah Bin Matar boodha hogaya tha aur wo (Ibne 'Ulaiyah) is (Abu Rihanah) par itemaad nahi kartey they.

Yaad rahe ke jamhoor muhaddiseen ke nazdeek Abu Rihanah mausaq hai lehaza wo Hasan Ul Hadeees hai. Walhumdulillah.

Tehreer: Hafiz Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah

Romanised: Syed Ibraheem Salafi

[Mahnama Al-Hadees, Shumara no.13, Safa no.46-48]