Why did the Hadeeth Scholars bring weak narrations in their books?


Sheikh Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah writes:

If someone says that Imaam Isma’eel ibn Ishaaq al-Qaadhi’s book ‘Fadhl as-Salaat alaa an-Nabee’ sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is filled up with weak narrations, hence the question is that why did the Hadeeth Scholars include unacceptable narrations in books other than the authentic books( i.e.Saheeh Bukhari & Muslim )?

The answer to this would be that, Haafidh ibn Hajar said:

From the second century and onwards, when the Hadeeth Scholars mentioned a hadeeth with its chain, they would consider themselves free from being asked about it. And Allah Knows Best! (Lisanul Meezaan v.3 p.75)

Haafidh Ibn Taymiyyah said:

But (Abu Nuaym al-Asbahanee has) narrated like how other Hadeeth Scholars similar to him would narrate everything that has been related about a particular topic, so that the people get to know about these, even if some of the narrations cannot be taken as evidence. (Minhaaj us-Sunnah v.4 p.15)

Sakhawee said:

Majority of the Hadeeth Scholars, in particular for example, Tabaranee, Abu Nuaym & Ibn Mandah when they narrated with the chain, they believed that they are free from being asked about it. (Fathul Mughees Sharh Alfiatil Hadeeth v.1 p.254)

Shaikh Zubair Alizai Rrahimahullah continues:

From these research, it is known that books other than the Saheehayn, for e.g. al-Adab al-Mufrad by Bukharee & Musnad Ahmed and others has weak narrations also. These Imaams have become free of obligation after mentioning their chain. They haven’t brought these (weak) narrations as evidence for a belief or practice. Rather just to let people know about it.

Hence for narrations in books other than Saheehayn, it is not permissible for anyone to take evidence from it or to narrate with certainty without considering the principles of hadeeth science along with keeping the Asma’ ur-Rijaal in consideration.

And upon us is to only deliver(the truth)!

* Saheehayn refers to Saheeh al-Bukharee & Muslim

Author: Hafiz Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah

Translated by: taalibeilm via (sheikhzubairalizai dot wordpress dot com)

Reference: Sheikh Zubair Alizai`s book Maqalaat (Vol. 3 page. 213-214)

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2 A very weak narration regarding the Prophet’s knowledge of the Unseen محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
3 Abu Saeed al-Khudree radhiyallahu anhu محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
4 The Three Conditions Regarding the books Attributed to Sheikh Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
5 Who is a Mujaddid (Reviver) of Deen? محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
6 A true story – Thoughts for Blind Following محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
7 The Wives of the Prophet ﷺ are included in the Ahlul Bayt محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
8 Recantation from Mistake & Return towards Truth محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
9 The Current State of Ummah in the Light of Saheeh Hadeeth محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
10 Imaam Abdur Razzaq and the virtue of Shaykhayn محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
11 Defending the hadeeth of Messenger of ALLAH (ﷺ) محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
12 Imaam Daraqutnee Rahimahullah محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
13 Why did the Hadeeth Scholars bring weak narrations in their books? محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
14 What is the actual Fiqah? محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
15 The Reality of Qaseedah Burdah (Poem of the Scarf) محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
16 The nine(9) clear signs given to Moses (peace be upon him) محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ
17 Tawheed - The foremost thing! محدّث العَصر حَافظ زبیر علی زئی رحمہ اللہ

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