Name & Lineage:

Abu Saeed Saad ibn Maalik ibn Sinaan ibn Tha’labah ibn Ubayd ibn al-Bajr (Khudrah) ibn Awf ibn al-Haarith ibn al-Khazraj al-Khazrajee al-Ansaree radhiyallahu anhu.

His father Maalik ibn Sinaan radhiyallahu anhu died as a martyr in the battle of Uhud and was present in the Battle of the Confederates & the Bayt of Ridhwaan.

Students:

Ibn Umar radhiyallahu anhu, Jaabir radhiyallahu anhu, Aamir ibn Saad ibn Abee Waqqas, Abu Salamah ibn Abdir Rahmaan ibn Awf, Abu Saaleh as-Samaan, Saeed ibn al-Musayyib, Abdur Rahmaan ibn Abee Saeed al-Khudree, Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Utbah, Ataa’ ibn Yazeed al-Laythee, Ataa ibn Yasaar, Muhammad ibn Alee al-Baaqar & Saeed ibn Jubayr and others rahimahumullah.

His Virtues:

  • Companion of the Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
  • Ansaree.
  • He was present in the Battle of the Confederates.
  • He was present in the bayt of Ridhwaan.
  • A giant Hadeeth scholar & an eminent Faqeeh.
  • During the incident of Harrah( when the Yazeedi forces attacked Medinah), a resident of Shaam tried to kill him. When that man entered upon him(in order to kill) in the cave, Abu Saeed radhiyallahu anhu threw away his sword and got ready to be martyred.

    (see Taareekh Khaleefah ibn Khayyaat, p.239;its chain is Saheeh)

    But Allaah saved him from the evil of that man. Hence it is proved, that he radhiyallahu anhu used to strongly oppose killing the Muslims.

  • On an instance, Abu Saeed al-Khudree radhiyallahu anhu entered the mosque on the day of Jumuah(Friday) & started praying(two rakahs). Marwan ibn al-Hakam’s men tried to force him to sit down but he did not agree and completed his prayer. He radhiyallahu anhu then said: I cannot leave this (two rakahs) after what I have seen from the Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

    (narrated by at-Tirmidhee in his Sunan:511 and he said: Hassan Saheeh ; its chain is hassan)

Hence it is proved that he did not fear anyone when following the Sunnah – radhiyallahu anhu.

His Narrations:

Musnad Baqee ibn Makhlad has 1170 narrations from him.

43 hadeeths have been narrated from him in the Saheehayn (Bukharee & Muslim).

There are three narrations(hadeeth no. 7, 11 & 19) reported from him in al-Arbaoon fi al-Hathh a’la al-Jihaad by Ibn Asaakir.

His Death:

There are several statements on the year of his death i.e. 63, 64, 65 & 74 Hijri. The most correct opinion in this regard is 64 hijri – radhiyallahu anhu. (and Allaah Knows Best)

Author: Hafiz Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah

Translated by: taalibeilm via (sheikhzubairalizai dot wordpress dot com)

Reference: Sheikh Zubair’s urdu translation & tehqeeq of "Kitaab al-Arbaeen" by Sheikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah. page 42-43 under hadeeth#3.