The famous Taabi’ee Imaam Ata’a bin Abi Rabaah (rahimahullah) narrates that he was once with Abdullah bin Umar(may Allah be pleased with him) when a young man came to him and asked him about the length up to which the Amaamah(turban) should be hung from the back.To this, Ibn Umar(may Allah be pleased with him) replied:

“InshaAllah I will reply to you with knowledge. We were a group of ten (10) in the mosque of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam): Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan, Ali, Ibn Masood, Hudhaifah, Ibn Auf, Abu Saeed Al-Khudri, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and myself, when a young man from the Ansaars came to the Messenger of Allah(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and conveyed his Salaam and sat down there. Then he (the man) asked: “O Allah’s Messenger, who is the best amongst the believers?”.

The man then became silent and then the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) turned towards him and said:”O Jamaatul Muhaajireen (Group of Muhaajireens present there), if you are tried with five things and these (five) things occur amongst you then I seek refuge with Allah from these:

  • If Fahhashi * becomes apparent in any nation, and people in that nation start to do it openly, then plague and such diseases will spread there, about which their forefathers would not have heard.
  • Those who will not weigh the scales properly(i.e. weighing less than the actual quantity), then they will be caught with famines, shortage of provisions and the torture from their leaders.
  • Those that will not pay Zakaat, then the rain drops would be stopped from the skies and had it not been for animals, it wouldn’t even rain.
  • And those who will break their covenants with Allah and his Messenger (i.e. not obeying on La Ilaha Illallah Muhammad ar-Rasool Allah), then Allah will send upon them their enemies (i.e. Kuffaars), who will take away from them some of their things (i.e lands, money etc).
  • And when their leaders would not judge by the Book of Allah, then Allah will make them fight amongst themselves.”

After this, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) ordered AbdurRahman bin Auf (may Allah be pleased with him) to create an army over which he (Ibn Auf) would be the Ameer. In the morning, Ibn Auf (may Allah be pleased with him) came wearing a black turban made from thick cotton.

So the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) called him near to himself and opened his turban.

He made him wear a white turban and left a length of around four (4) fingers hanging on his back and said:

“O Ibn Auf! Tie your turban like this because this is good and the best.”

After this, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) ordered Bilaal (may Allah be pleased with him) to hand over the flag to Ibn Auf. So he (Bilaal) praised Allah and sent Darood upon the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and said:

“Ibn Auf! Take this (the flag) and combine together to fight in the path of Allah. Fight against those who do not believe in Allah. And don’t do treachery or cheating, don’t cut-off the hands, feets, ears etc. of the enemies and don’t kill the children. This is the covenant of Allah and the Seerah (Character) of the Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)” ”

Sheikh Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah writes:

Note: In both the printed and the manuscript versions of Mustadrak al-Haakim, the narrator Ubayd (ibn Muhammad al-Ghaazi al-Asqalanee) has been left out between Ali ibn Hamshaaz & Abu al-Jamaahir.(check Ithaaf al-Mahrah 8/590 hadeeth no. 10015)

*Fahhashi includes a lot of things like adultery,obscenity etc.

Author: Hafiz Zubair Alizai Rahimahullah (need to check if above lines are actually written by sheikh)

Translated by: taalibeilm via (sheikhzubairalizai dot wordpress dot com)

Reference: Al-Mustadrak Al-Haakim Vol. 4 Page 540 Hadeeth No. 8623. Classified as Hasan by Sheikh Zubair AliZai (rahimahullah) in Tehqeeqi Maqalaat Vol.3 page 597-598)